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Land Use Planning Berlin

Land Use Plan - Written policies

The Land Use Plan as approved by the City Council consists of a zoning map and of written policies:


Regional planning objectives: The land use allocations and other planning policies of the Land Use Plan included in the list below are to be considered as regional planning objectives. They substitute a separate Regional Plan. As regional planning objectives they are binding for public authorities and for the private bodies specified by § 4 (3) of the Federal Regional Plan-ning Act (Raumordnungsgesetz).

Z 1.1 Urban centres (major urban centres and district centres shown on the zoning map as a "retail concentration" (>12 mm at the scale of 1:25.000).Urban centres are to be safeguarded, stabilised and expanded. They are to be developed primarily for cultural, service, retail and leisure uses, with the aim to strengthen the polycentral settlement pattern of the city.
Z 1.2 Motorways and other major roads (as shown on the zoning map)
  1.3 Railway land (as shown on the zoning map)
  1.4 Docklands (special building land allocated on the zoning map for an inland waterway port ("Hafen"))

The traffic networks specified under numbers 1.2 to 1.4 are to be safeguarded and further developed.


Protective measures against emissions: Where land allocated for industry, for public utilities of industrial character or for heavily used transport corridors adjoins sensitive land uses, Local Development Plans are required to include detailed regulations on the specific uses to be permitted in different parts of the areas concerned, and/or, if necessary, to specify technical and other protective measures. Technical measures or a protective arrangement of buildings and installations are to be given priority over increasing the distance between conflicting uses, if the same degree of protection can be achieved. Sensitive land use categories are:
  • residential building land, including local community facilities,
  • land for community facilities allocated for universities/research, schools, hospitals, culture, or without specified use,
  • open spaces (excluding minor spaces serving as green connections or separating different land use categories).


Access to open spaces: To achieve the interlinking network of open spaces shown in the Land Use Plan, Local Development Plans are required to establish public rights of way through sports grounds and areas of allotment gardens. Where special building areas for water sports are designated, public access, in particular to lakes and river banks, has a high priority. Public access to lakes, rivers and canals is a general long term objective of the Land Use Plan.


Encouragement of dual uses: To save ground space, land allocated for public facilities shall be put to more than one use, wherever possible. Land allocated for sports, whether included in a community facility or in a green area, shall be open to schools and to other users alike.