Archive: Urban Development Plan for Centres 2020


Principles for centre development

The developments in the retail trading and leisure sectors are of great importance for the structure of the centres and the provision of supplies for people close to their place of residence. "Centre Development" is therefore one of the key topics for activities relating to urban development planning.
In this context, outstanding objectives of urban development planning are,
  • Securing basic supplies,
  • Preserving and strengthening the centres, and
  • Integrating new large-scale retail trading and leisure establishments.
Urban development planning can only exert limited control. However it is possible to influence
  • the choice of location of large-scale retail trading and leisure projects and thus also the structure of the location,
  • the dimensioning of the location, its integration in the existing centres and its links to urban development goals
  • the compatibility of the uses on new locations with the goal of ensuring basic supplies close to the places of residence, and the impact on the centre.
The StEP Centres 2020 (StEP Centres 2):
  • Updates the centre strategies presented in the Urban Development Plan for Centres and Retail Trading 1999 (StEP Centres 1) and the orientation values for the development of retail trading floor space;
  • Formulates priorities for the necessary actions in the individual urban centres;
  • Shows complementary locations for large-scale retail trading areas and presents suggestions for possible locations for large-scale leisure facilities;
  • Develops criteria for the integration of large-scale retail trading and leisure projects in urban development;
  • Specifies criteria for the case analysis of placement of large-scale retail trading and leisure projects outside the centres.
In summary, the two parts of the Urban Development Plan Centres form a framework for the control of the future development of retail trading and centres at the level of cityplanning.
The following principles apply:
  • Preserve historically-grown polycentrality, and strengthen existing centres.
  • Orient the increase in shopping floor space in terms of the allocation of tasks within the hierarchical ranking of the centres.
  • Avoid the development of retail trading at the wrong locations.
  • Locate large specialist retail outlets primarily in central locations.
  • Limit the negative effects on adjacent centres of specialist retail markets at non-integrated locations.
  • Factory outlet centres should be assessed like other large retail trading projects and integrated at an appropriate scale in the structure of the local centre.
  • For goods which meet longer-term needs, preference should be given to proposals to locate on central sites.
  • Ensure that centres can be reached with public transport and with by motor car.
  • Examine the impact of retail trading agglomerations at railway stations individually.
  • Coordinate large-scale retail trading projects by cooperation between the laender Berlin and Brandenburg.
  • Raise the profile of Berlin as a shopping location.
  • Make use of development opportunities.
  • Control the increase in floor-space.
  • Upgrade existing centres.
  • Integrate large-scale retail trading and leisure facilities.
  • Develop complementary locations.
  • Secure urban qualities.
  • Examine large-scale retail trading and leisure developments individually.
  • Limit the size of new DIY and gardening centres and furniture warehouses.
  • Coordinate the implementation of goals.
For new locations, a double strategy is therefore adopted in the planning:
  • Use of existing areas in the centres;
  • Identification of complementary locations for projects which cannot be integrated in the centres.

Orientation values for retail trade

Between 1997 and 2003, retail floor space in Berlin increased by some 0.86 million sq.m. or 26 percent to 4.16 million sq.m.. The proportion of this floor space in the urban centres and in specialist retail outlet agglomerations larger than 5,000 sq.m. has risen continuously and in 2003 had already reached 47 percent.
It is estimated that by 2020 the retail floor space will have increased by between 340,000 and 540,000 sq.m. to a total of approx. 4.5 – 4.7 million sq.m.. This growth will be oriented in line with the allocation of tasks within the hierarchical ranking of the centres. It is therefore to be expected that the more central districts and centres will grow in importance relative to the more peripheral ones.
There will also be an increase – although at a lower rate – in the demand for sites for large-scale retail outlets, in particular furniture warehouses, and DIY and gardening centres, other specialist centres and self-service stores. However, in most of the historically grown centres it will not be possible to make sites available which are large enough.
In this situation, specialist retail outlet agglomerations which augment the centres are a reasonable planning and urban development option for the location of large-scale retail traders:
  • They provide an improvement in supplies for the local residents within or in the vicinity of the densely-populated residential areas,
  • They limit the increase in traffic otherwise regularly associated with such large-scale developments,
  • As a result of spatial concentration they reduce environmental pollution, and
  • They contribute to the upgrading of indifferent urban areas.
For these reasons, in addition to the sites that are available or are included in the plans, additional sites are provided for in the Centres strategies for specialist retail outlet agglomerations.

Locations for large-scale leisure facilities

The investigation of sites and the existing centres for their suitability for various types of leisure activity led to the following results.
It can be assumed that only one additional leisure or theme park can be realised in Berlin.A very suitable location for this would be the Tempelhof airport. In addition, the modernisation and re-opening of the Spreepark Amusement Park is anchored as a planning goal. Finally, the 130 hectare site adjacent to the Olympic Stadium is to be developed into a sport and leisure park – Olympia Park Berlin.
The demand for large urban entertainment uses would only support one further urban location.The best quality location is offered by the central Alexanderplatz.
Further centres could be stabilised by integration of urban entertainment uses to a smaller extent or by the expansion of existing leisure activities; this applies in particular for the centres Schlossstrasse, Müllerstrasse, Altstadt Spandau, Bahnhofstrasse Köpenick, Berliner Strasse / Breite Strasse in Pankow, and Tempelhofer Damm.
There is only a limited further demand for large scale venues and sports arenas in Berlin.
The site currently being prepared between Ostbahnhof railway station and Warschauer Strasse is particularly well-suited for this application in view of its good public transport connections as well as its central location in an urban setting with a high population density.