Planning  

 

Archive: Centres and Retail Trading – Centre Concept 1999

City Regions – Spatial systematics


The subdivision of Berlin into districts according to administrative and statistical aspects, is only conditionally suitable for: 1. the appraisal of the retail development. 2. the judgement of the commuter belts of retail locations. 3. the recognition of buying power levels. 4. the determination of area deficits.

Buying power flows particularly across district boundaries to the massive retail shopping malls with good traffic accessibility, but also to the more traditional shopping streets as well as to the purpose built shopping centres and to specialised markets.

For the formulation of spatial guidelines, Berlin is organised into eight city regions, usually comprising of several districts or sub-districts. Due to the differences in the structure of the retail sites in the eastern and the western part of Berlin, (except for the inner city) districts or sub-districts from the old West Berlin are not mixed together with those from the old East Berlin. The eight urban parts are formed from districts and sub-districts (Statistical areas).

They are assigned as follows:

the city region Inner City

Bezirke Mitte, Tiergarten, Prenzlauer Berg and Kreuzberg as well as sub-districts of the districts Wedding, Friedrichshain, Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf und Schöneberg

the city region NorthEast

districts Pankow and Weißensee

the city region East

districts Lichtenberg, Marzahn, Hohenschönhausen and Hellersdorf as well as the southeastern sub-district of the district Friedrichshain

the city region SouthEast

districts Treptow and Köpenick

the city region South

districts Tempelhof and Neukölln

the city region Southwest

districts Steglitz and Zehlendorf as well as sub-districts of Schöneberg and Wilmersdorf

the city region West

district Spandau and the western sub-district of the district Charlottenburg

the city region Northwest

district Reinickendorf and the northern sub-district of the district Wedding

Criteria for the bringing together of districts and sub-districts into city regions are the following characteristics:

  • Location of the city region in the city
  • Social-demography, age and income structure, percentage of foreigners
  • Structure of the retail trade 1997 and in 2000
especially:
  • Retail area and shop floor space per inhabitant
  • Relation between retail areas in shopping centres and scattered locations
  • Centre structure
  • Percentage of food retail in relation to the entire shop floor space
  • Percentage of the specialised retailers (e.g. DIY) in relation to the entire shop floor space
  • Purchase behaviour of the inhabitants
  • Purchasing power within the city region
  • Accessibility of the supra-regional shopping centres and the massive retail centres in the surrounding area outside Berlin through the public transport system and the road network
  • City structural features for example development structure, settlement density, housing construction and potentials of density increase as well as disused industrial and railroad areas that may be interesting for retail investments.
The textual part of the UDP contains full descriptions of the individual city regions.