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Berlin Environmental Atlas

01.01 Soil Associations 2010 (Edition 2013)

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Map 01.01 Soil Associations 2010 (Edition 2013)

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The Concept Map of Soil Associations is based on the Soil Association Map updated and revised in 2012, for West Berlin first published in 1985 and the extension of this map for East Berlin based on analogue conclusions in 1994. The map as a whole is thus a concept map and is only for unsealed soils.
  2. The bases for the Concept Map of Soil Associations are excavations and drill-corings made in forest plantations and agricultural areas, primarily in the western part of Berlin, and in settlements, under consideration of land use categories. The map has been confirmed for areas where single maps and profiles exist. The map is partially confirmed for areas where soil associations made of some individual sites of soils anthropogenically altered by settlements, were defined on the basis of comparable natural conditions. Studies were industrial use, and military sites, etc.. Results were carried over by analogy for areas of comparable use. The map is a concept map for these areas.
  3. A portrayal of the distribution of individual soils is only somewhat possible in a map with a scale of 1:50,000. This is why soil associations were grouped together from several characteristic soil types. Near-natural soils have a clear relationship to the original material of soil formation, and to the current natural conditions. Near-natural soil associations are related by interactive structures and they also formed in dependance on each other. Soil associations were named using the interactive structures that characterize these soils. The beginning and final soils of the association are given. Anthric soil associations (associations of anthropogenically altered soils) are grouped only according to their common occurence within an area of single use. They are not linked.
  4. Soil associations are divided according to type and range of human influences. The soil associations begin with near-natural soils (with a dash between individual soils). The associations end with anthrosols; these are listed with a plus symbol.
  5. Soil associations have three categories:
    • Soil Associations - These have been described and confirmed on the basis of maps and test samples.
    • Concept Soil Associations - These combinations of use and geomorphology have not yet been detected in or do not exist in West Berlin. Confirmation by soil studies has not yet been made.
    • Collective Soil Associations - These are groupings of soil associations in East Berlin which cannot be classified in the manner given by Grenzius (1987) because of the current status of the data base.

Imprint of the Map

1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
Section communication

Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU)

III F 1, U. Claußen, J. Gerstenberg, G. Metzlaff


  • Geological Map 1:50,000 und 1:100,000
  • Prussian Geological Mapping (1899-1937)
  • Map of war damages (1950)
  • Mean-scale Agricultural Mapping (1976)
  • Forest Site Mapping Berlin - West (1991)
  • Forest site mapping Berlin - East (1992)
  • Various individual mappings of the Institute of Soil Science, Technical University Berlin and the Chair of Soil Geography at the Department of Geography, Humboldt University Berlin
  • Land Use 2010 (maps 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Impervious Soil Coverage 2011 (map 01.02, Edition 2011)
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (map 02.07, Edition 2010)

Data processing :
Dr. W. Aey, P. Bíró, U. Claußen, J. Gerstenberg, Dr. R. Grenzius, G. Metzlaff

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg, C. Nietzsche

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block Map of the ISU, 1 : 5,000 (ISU 5, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

Map as PDF-Document including switchable layers
To see the english legend, please switch the layers!

go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar