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Berlin Environmental Atlas

06.07 Urban Structure / 06.08 Urban Structure - Area Types Differentiated (Edition 2016)

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Key characteristics of area types

A differentiated definition and description of area types can be found in the report on Flächennutzung und Stadtstruktur – Dokumentation der Kartiereinheiten und der Aktualisierung des Datenbestandes 2015 (Land use and urban structure – Documentation of mapping units and updating of the data base 2015) (pdf;7 MB). There, particular mapping units of the area types are described in detail with reference to particular representations. Each particular representation contains:

  • a text description
  • the mapping rules
  • information as to how many sections are included in the respective category
  • information on building age, provided categorizing statements can be made in that regard
  • information on key characteristics
  • exemplary representations showing the distribution of the block sections in the urban area, a section from the K5 (Map of Berlin, scale 1:5,000 (K5)), a section from the digital orthophotography (Orthophotos, aerial survey April 2009), and ground-level photos of typical blocks, as well as
  • where appropriate, notes on changes in content undertaken since the last revision.

The key characteristics in each case include the area-weighted mean, the area-weighted 5th and 95th percentile and the cumulative frequency diagram for the following characteristics:

These characteristics are the factual data available in the data bases which are regularly generated in the Urban and Environment Information System (ISU), with the block map as the spatial reference. The statements contained in the brief descriptions were calculated according to the current use maps by statistical evaluation. In order to ascertain the ranges, the lower limit was given as the 5th percentile, and the upper limit as the 95th percentile, in order to avoid including atypical outliers. In exceptional cases, there are indeed therefore sections which fall outside these characteristic ranges (10 % of sections).

In the context of the revision, automated plausibility checks were carried out on the basis of key characteristics, and exceptional sections were visually examined. For some statistical evaluations, only those sections could be used the geometry of which had not been changed with respect to ISU5 2010. For some of the new areas, the necessary data were not yet available.

Table 7 shows the key values ascertained by statistical evaluation for all area types. For example, it is evident that the dense block construction with closed courtyards is the most densely inhabited area type, with an average density of 507 inh./ha. The exceptionally high use intensity of core areas can be seen from the high average floor space indices.


Fig. 2: Representation of a single area type (example) from the report on the documentation of mapping units and the updating of the data base 2015


Tab. 7: Key characteristics for selected area types, as of: December 31, 2015

Excel
[Table is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Fig. 3: Evaluation of key characteristics for selected area types, inhabitants/ha
as of: December 31, 2015

Excel
[Statistical base of the Figure is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Fig. 4: Evaluation of key characteristics for selected area types, Floor Space Index,
as of: December 31, 2015, FSI data as of: January 2015

Excel
[Statistical base of the Figure is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

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