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Berlin Environmental Atlas

01.13 Planning Notes for Soil Protection (Edition 2015)

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Fig. 6
Fig. 6: Area shares of soil protection categories by imperviousness class (percentages, without roads and waters)

[Table is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Fig. 7
Fig. 7: Total area and pervious area of soil-protection categories

[Table is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Fig. 8
Fig. 8: Area shares of use classes per soil-protection category

[Table is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Tab.1: Area balance of the soil protection categories
Soil protection category Area [ha] Area [%] Area pervious [ha] Degree of imperv. cov. 0-5% Degree of imperv. cov. >5-<30% Degree of imperv. cov. 30-100%
Maximum protection level 3,771 5 3,664 87 10 2
Very high protection level 12,518 17 10,765 43 39 18
High protection level 14,174 19 12,692 61 25 14
Medium protection level 17,157 23 11,401 18 24 58
Low protection level 26,453 36 14,945 20 12 68
Tab.1: Area balance of the soil protection categories (without roads and waters)

[Table is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Notes for Implementation in Planning Practice

From the soil-protection aspect, the planning notes are relevant requirements and stipulations for the relevant categories of soil protection. They refer to the level of development planning, but can be substantively transferred analogously to another spatially relevant plans or projects. For methodological reasons, the representation is shown in the map only in very general form in the legend. Detailed information is available in the display of factual data for each section for the map via the FIS Broker, in tabular form. The terms used, such as "avoidance" and "compensation," should not be seen as legal categories, but rather represent technical soil protection stipulations. In this connection, it should be recalled that the weighted soil functions refer exclusively to the pervious segments of the blocks.

The factual data display shows i.a. the soil protection category, the soil association and land use upon which the assessment is based, the assessment of the five individual soil functions (from Maps 01.12.01 to 01.12.05) as well as the degree of imperviousness. The planning requirements table, which can also be shown for each section separately, is of special interest, however.

Structure and contents of the planning requirements table:
  • Line 1 states the soil protection category.
  • Line 2 states the general soil protection goal.
  • Line 3 represents the reasons for the classification (cf. "Methodology Item 1") into shortened form. The statements in the additional lines justify themselves respectively by these value giving soil functions.
  • Line 4 shows in detail the fundamentally desirable avoidance and reduction steps. No distinction has been made between avoidance and reduction, since assignment in the context provided will be decided differently, depending on point of view of the actor. The key goal is the prevention of interventions in the soils deserving protection, not the precise language of the terminology.
  • Line 5 gives suggestions for compensation, as function-related as possible. Accordingly, such requirements are stated which can conditionally be imposed as per the stipulations of the Building Code.
  • Line 6 contains in some cases additional measures which would be useful from the soil-protection aspect to compensate for considerable impairments of soil functions.
  • Line 7 contains other notes and explanations.

Tab. 2
Tab. 2: Example of a planning requirements table

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