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Berlin Environmental Atlas

Surface Runoff, Percolation, Total Runoff and Evaporation from Precipitation 2012 (Edition 2013)

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This map consists of 5 parts.

Map 02.13.1 Surface Runoff from Precipitation 2012 (Edition 2013)
2.13.1 Surface Runoff from Precipitation
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 25,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and percolation were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of impervious covering, and the degree of connection of impervious covered surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of percolation underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly impervious covered areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as percolation. The degree of impervious covering and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Total runoff, percolation and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
Communication

Conception:
Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institute of Hydrology

Text:
M. Bach, Dr. G. Glugla, III F 1

Data Base:

  • Land use 2010 (Maps 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Impervious Soil Coverage 2011 (Map 01.02, Edition 2012)
  • Surface-cover classes 1988, partly updated 2012
  • Vegetation structure 2010
  • Utilizable capillary capacity 2012
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (Map 02.07, Edition 2010)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation 2012

Data processing:

  • J. Gerstenberg using the program ABIMO V.3.2 from the Federal Institute of Hydrology

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block map of the ISU, 1 : 50 000 (ISU 50, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

  Map 02.13.2 Percolation from Precipitation 2012 (Edition 2013)
2.13.2 Percolation from Precipitation
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 25,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and percolation were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of impervious covering, and the degree of connection of impervious covered surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of percolation underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly impervious covered areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as percolation. The degree of impervious covering and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Total runoff, percolation and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
Communication

Conception:
Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institute of Hydrology

Text:
M. Bach, Dr. G. Glugla, III F 1

Data Base:

  • Land use 2010 (Maps 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Impervious Soil Coverage 2011 (Map 01.02, Edition 2012)
  • Surface-cover classes 1988, partly updated 2012
  • Vegetation structure 2010
  • Utilizable capillary capacity 2012
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (Map 02.07, Edition 2010)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation 2012

Data processing:

  • J. Gerstenberg using the program ABIMO V.3.2 from the Federal Institute of Hydrology

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block map of the ISU, 1 : 50 000 (ISU 50, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

 
Map 02.13.3 Total Runoff from Precipitation 2012 (Edition 2013)
2.13.3 Total Runoff from Precipitation


Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 25,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and percolation were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of impervious covering, and the degree of connection of impervious covered surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of percolation underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly impervious covered areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as percolation. The degree of impervious covering and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Total runoff, percolation and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
Communication

Conception:
Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institute of Hydrology

Text:
M. Bach, Dr. G. Glugla, III F 1

Data Base:

  • Land use 2010 (Maps 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Impervious Soil Coverage 2011 (Map 01.02, Edition 2012)
  • Surface-cover classes 1988, partly updated 2012
  • Vegetation structure 2010
  • Utilizable capillary capacity 2012
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (Map 02.07, Edition 2010)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation 2012

Data processing:

  • J. Gerstenberg using the program ABIMO V.3.2 from the Federal Institute of Hydrology

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block map of the ISU, 1 : 50 000 (ISU 50, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

  Map 02.13.4 Percolation from precipitation without consideration for impervious coverage 2012 (Edition 2013)
2.13.4 Percolation from Precipitation
without consideration for impervious coverage
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The percolation from precipitation on pervious areas is depicted. The capacity of pervious areas for water balance can be illustrated by this value. Moreover, in the context of the assessment of the efficiency of the soils for precautionary soil protection or for intervention assessment under the Conservation Law, the determination of ercolation on unsealed soil surfaces is of special interest. For water management investigations the influence of impervious covering and canalisation with their important effect on water balance in urban areas, has to be considered. In this context look for map 02.13.2.
  2. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. For the calculation of the approx. 25,000 individual areas was determined that all areas are pervious, streets were not considered.
  3. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of impervious covered surfaces to the sewer systems.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institute of Hydrology

Text:
M. Bach, Dr. G. Glugla, III F 1

Data Base:

  • Land use 2010 (Map 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961 - 1990)
  • Surface-cover classes 1988, partly updated 2012
  • Vegetation structure 2010
  • Utilizable capillary capacity 2012
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (Map 02.07, Edition 2010)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation 2012

Data processing:

  • J. Gerstenberg using the program ABIMO V.3.2 from the Federal Institute of Hydrology

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block map of the ISU, 1 : 50 000 (ISU 50, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

 
Map 02.13.5 Evaporation from Precipitation 2012 (Edition 2013)
2.13.5 Evaporation from Precipitation
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 25,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and percolation were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of impervious covering, and the degree of connection of impervious covered surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of percolation underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly impervious covered areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as percolation. The degree of impervious covering and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Total runoff, percolation and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment in Berlin
Communication

Conception:
Division III F Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institute of Hydrology

Text:
M. Bach, Dr. G. Glugla, III F 1

Data Base:

  • Land use 2010 (Maps 06.01, 06.02, Edition 2011)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Impervious Soil Coverage 2011 (Map 01.02, Edition 2012)
  • Surface-cover classes 1988, partly updated 2012
  • Vegetation structure 2010
  • Utilizable capillary capacity 2012
  • Depth to the Water Table 2009 (Map 02.07, Edition 2010)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation 2012

Data processing:

  • J. Gerstenberg using the program ABIMO V.3.2 from the Federal Institute of Hydrology

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg

End of work:
November 2012

Based on the maps:
Block map of the ISU, 1 : 50 000 (ISU 50, as of 2010)

Revised Edition 2013

 

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go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar