Berlin Environmental Atlas

01.01 Soil Associations 2005 (Edition 2009)

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Map 01.01 Soil Associations 2005 (Edition 2009)

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The Concept Map of Soil Associations is based on the current and 2008 updated Soil Association Map for West Berlin, first published in 1985, and the extension of this map for East Berlin based on analogue conclusions in 1994. The map as a whole is thus a concept map and is only for unsealed soils.
  2. The bases for the Concept Map of Soil Associations are excavations and drill-corings made in forest plantations and agricultural areas, primarily in the western part of Berlin, and in settlements, under consideration of land use categories. The map has been confirmed for areas where single maps and profiles exist. The map is partially confirmed for areas where soil associations were defined on the basis of comparable natural conditions. Studies were made of some individual sites of soils anthropogenically altered by settlements, industrial use, and military sites, etc.. Results were carried over by analogy for areas of comparable use. The map is a concept map for these areas.
  3. A portrayal of the distribution of individual soils is only somewhat possible in a map with a scale of 1 : 50,000. This is why soil associations were grouped together from several characteristic soil types. Near-natural soils have a clear relationship to the original material of soil formation, and to the current natural conditions. Near-natural soil associations are related by interactive structures and they also formed in dependance on each other. Soil associations were named using the interactive structures that characterize these soils. The beginning and final soils of the association are given. Anthric soil associations (associations of anthropogenically altered soils) are grouped only according to their common occurence within an area of single use. They are not linked.
  4. Soil associations are divided according to type and range of human influences. The soil associations begin with near-natural soils (with a dash between individual soils). The associations end with anthrosols; these are listed with a plus symbol.
  5. Soil associations have three categories:
    • - Soil Associations - These have been described and confirmed on the basis of maps and test samples.
    • - Concept Soil Associations - These combinations of use and geomorphology have not yet been detected in or do not exist in West Berlin. Confirmation by soil studies has not yet been made.
    • - Collective Soil Associations - These are groupings of soil associations in East Berlin which cannot be classified in the manner given by Grenzius (1987) because of the current status of the data base.

Imprint of the Map

1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
Special section communication

Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System)

Work group III F 1, J. Gerstenberg


  • Geologische Übersichtskarte 1: 50 000 und 1: 100 000
  • Preußische Geologische Kartierung
  • Karte der Kriegsschäden
  • Mittelmaßstäbliche landwirtschaftliche Kartierung
  • Forstliche Standortkartierung
  • Diverse Einzelkartierungen des Instituts für Bodenkunde der TU Berlin und des Lehrstuhls für Bodengeographie des Geographischen Instituts der HU Berlin
  • Flächennutzung und Versiegelung (as of 2005)
  • Flurabstand des Grundwassers (as of 2003)

Data processing :
Dr. W. Aey, P. Biró, U. Claußen, J. Gerstenberg, Dr. R. Grenzius, G. Metzlaff

Map production:
J. Gerstenberg, C. Nietzsche

End of work:
February 2009

Based on the maps:
Blockkarte des ISU, 1 : 5 000 (ISU 5, as of 2005)

Edition 2009

Map as PDF-Document

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