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Berlin Environmental Atlas

Surface Runoff, Seepage, Total Runoff and Evaporation from Precipitation 2001 (Edition 2005)

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This map consists of 5 parts.

Map 02.13.1 Surface Runoff from Precipitation 2001 (Edition 2005)
2.13.1 Surface Runoff from Precipitation
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and seepage was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 24,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and seepage were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of sealed surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of seepage underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly sealed areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as seepage. The degree of sealing and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Seepage and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Text:
III F 1

Text edition:
III F 1

Data Base:
Data from the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU):

  • Land use (2001)
  • Surface sealing (2001)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Vegetation structure(1999)
  • Utilizable capillary capacity (2001)
  • Depth to groundwater (2002)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation(2001)

Data processing:

  • III F 1, Joseph Gerstenberg using ISU Berlin and the program ABIMO from the Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Map production:
III F 1, Geoinfo - c. Nitzsche

Color scheme:
III F 1

End of work:
August 2004

Based on the maps:
Digital Map 1:50000 of ISU Berlin (status 31.12.2001)

Edition 2005

  Map 02.13.2 Seepage from Precipitation 2001 (Edition 2005)
2.13.2 Seepage from Precipitation
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and seepage was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 24,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and seepage were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of sealed surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of seepage underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly sealed areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as seepage. The degree of sealing and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Seepage and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Text:
III F 1

Text edition:
III F 1

Data Base:
Data from the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU):

  • Land use (2001)
  • Surface sealing (2001)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Vegetation structure(1999)
  • Utilizable capillary capacity (2001)
  • Depth to groundwater (2002)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation(2001)

Data processing:

  • III F 1, Joseph Gerstenberg using ISU Berlin and the program ABIMO from the Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Map production:
III F 1, Geoinfo - c. Nitzsche

Color scheme:
III F 1

End of work:
August 2004

Based on the maps:
Digital Map 1:50000 of ISU Berlin (status 31.12.2001)

Edition 2005

 
Map 02.13.3 Total Runoff from Precipitation 2001 (Edition 2005)
2.13.3 Total Runoff from Precipitation

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and seepage was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 24,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and seepage were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of sealed surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of seepage underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly sealed areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as seepage. The degree of sealing and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Seepage and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Text:
III F 1

Text edition:
III F 1

Data Base:
Data from the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU):

  • Land use (2001)
  • Surface sealing (2001)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Vegetation structure(1999)
  • Utilizable capillary capacity (2001)
  • Depth to groundwater (2002)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation(2001)

Data processing:

  • III F 1, Joseph Gerstenberg using ISU Berlin and the program ABIMO from the Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Map production:
III F 1, Geoinfo - c. Nitzsche

Color scheme:
III F 1

End of work:
August 2004

Based on the maps:
Digital Map 1:50000 of ISU Berlin (status 31.12.2001)

Edition 2005

  Map 02.13.4 Seepage from Precipitation without consideration of surface sealing 2001 (Edition 2005)
2.13.4 Seepage from Precipitation
without consideration of surface sealing
Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The seepage from precipitation on unsealed areas is depicted. The capacity of unsealed areas for water balance can be illustrated by this value. Moreover, in the context of the assessment of the efficiency of the soils for precautionary soil protection or for intervention assessment under the Conservation Law, the determination of seepage on unsealed soil surfaces is of special interest. For water management investigations the influence of sealing and canalisation with their important effect on water balance in urban areas,has to be considered. In this context look for map 02.13.2.
  2. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and percolation was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. For the calculation of the approx. 24,000 individual areas was determined that all areas are unsealed, streets were not considered.
  3. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of sealed surfaces to the sewer systems.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Text:
III F 1

Text edition:
III F 1

Data Base:
Data from the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU):

  • Land use (2001)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Vegetation structure(1999)
  • Utilizable capillary capacity (2001)
  • Depth to groundwater (2002)

Data processing:

  • III F 1, Joseph Gerstenberg using ISU Berlin and the program ABIMO from the Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Map production:
III F 1, Geoinfo - c. Nitzsche

Color scheme:
III F 1

End of work:
August 2004

Based on the maps:
Digital Map 1:50000 of ISU Berlin (status 31.12.2001)

Edition 2005

 
Map 02.13.5 Evaporation from Precipitation 2001 (Edition 2005)
2.13.5 Evaporation from Precipitation

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. A complex model for the calculation of surface runoff (overland flow) and seepage was developed and programmed by the Berlin Federal Institute of Hydrology. The calculation procedure uses data from the Environmental Information System. First the total runoff (precipitation minus evaporation) was determined for the approx. 24,000 individual areas and then surface runoff and seepage were determined.
  2. The amount of water seeped is particularly dependent on vegetation, soil, size and type of sealing, and the degree of connection of sealed surfaces to the sewer systems.
  3. The glacial marl flat uplands discharge part of seepage underground into bodies of water. This is discharged as surface water. This amount does not reach groundwater.
  4. Areas with near-surface groundwater have greater rates of evaporation because of capillary rise of groundwater into the soil zone influenced by evaporation. If real evaporation exceeds precipitation, then groundwater depletion occurs.
  5. There is no information available on whether some highly sealed areas discharge rainwater into the sewer system. For this reason, the entire runoff for these areas is depicted in the maps as seepage. The degree of sealing and the size of runoff make it improbable that the water actually percolates.
  6. Seepage and surface runoff of streets is allocated to the bordering blocks and calculated and depicted with them.

Imprint of the Map

Scale:
1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin
unit communication

Conception:
Referat III F (Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU),
Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Text:
III F 1

Text edition:
III F 1

Data Base:
Data from the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU):

  • Land use (2001)
  • Surface sealing (2001)
  • Precipitation (longterm mean values 1961-1990)
  • Vegetation structure(1999)
  • Utilizable capillary capacity (2001)
  • Depth to groundwater (2002)
  • Canalisation and degree of canalisation(2001)

Data processing:

  • III F 1, Joseph Gerstenberg using ISU Berlin and the program ABIMO from the Federal Institution for Hydrography in Berlin

Map production:
III F 1, Geoinfo - c. Nitzsche

Color scheme:
III F 1

End of work:
August 2004

Based on the maps:
Digital Map 1:50000 of ISU Berlin (status 31.12.2001)

Edition 2005

   

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go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar