Berlin Environmental Atlas

04.04 Temperature and Moisture Conditions
in Medium and Low-exchange Nocturnal Radiation Periods (Edition 1993)

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This map consists of 4 parts, which are exclusively offered as PDF-Documents.

Map 04.04.1
4.04.1 Air Temperature (°C)
  Map 04.04.2
4.04.2 Relative Humidity (%)
Map 04.04.3
4.04.3 Equivalence Temperature (°C)
  Map 04.04.4
4.04.4 Monitoring Routes and Stations

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The measurements for the climatic maps 04.02, 04.03, 04.05 and 04.07 were made at a height of 2 m. They were made in 1981-1983 for West Berlin, in 1991 for East Berlin and in 1992 for the surrounding countryside. Overall around 150 monitoring trips (West Berlin 60, East Berlin 60, surrounding countryside 30) were made along 34 monitoring routes (WB 24, EB 6, SC 4) with 1800 monitoring points (WB 1000, EB 500, SC 300). Data from 38 other monitoring stations was included for processing.
  2. The statistical base for Map 04.04 for low-exchange weather situations (wind speed < 4 m/s, cloud < 4/8) was calculated in the summers of the above-mentioned years along 13 monitoring routes (WB 4, EB 5, SC 4) and 45 monitoring trips (WB 4, EB 24, SC 17). Furthermore the corresponding data of 37 monitoring stations was used. The West Berlin readings from 1981-83 were adjusted to the 1991/92 level with aid of the readings from 9 monitoring stations in 1991 and a marked-out West-East route.
  3. Relative humidity describes the degree of saturation of the air with water vapor. The equivalent temperature is considered a measure of human perception of humidity. It consists of the air temperature and the latent heat available through condensation of water vapor in the air. It is calculated from the air temperature and vapor pressure.
  4. The spatial differentiation of the represented parameters applies to the given weather situations only.

Imprint of the Map

1 : 125 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin and Environmental Protection
Public relations

Dr. M. Horbert, Dr. A. v. Stülpnagel - TU Berlin, Institut für Ökologie, Fachgebiet Bioklimatologie;
Gruppe III A 3 (Ökologische Planungsgrundlagen)

Dr. M. Horbert, Dr. A. v. Stülpnagel



  • Erhebungen zum Umweltatlas Berlin 1981-83 und 1991/92 - TU Berlin, Institut für Ökologie, Fachgebiet Klimatologie, im Auftrag der Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz
  • Ergebnisse des Forschungsprojektes Ökologische Karten Berlin (West) - TU Berlin, Institut für Ökologie
  • Klimameßnetz des Deutschen Wetterdienstes
  • Karten des Umweltatlas 1993

Data processing and map production:
Dr. M. Horbert, Dr. A. v. Stülpnagel unter Mitarbeit von A. Kirchgeorg,
H. Küster, E. Mertens;

Colour scheme:
R. Armbruster

Cartographic design:
Lithographische Institut in Berlin

Data from:
May 1993

Based on the maps:
Digitale Arbeitskarte 1 : 50 000 des UIS Berlin; Topographische Karte 1 : 50 000 (AV), Stand 1974/1982, Landesvermessungsamt Brandenburg;
Übersichtskarte von Berlin (West) 1 : 50 000, Stand 1988/1989, 1993, Senatsverwaltung für Bau- und Wohnungswesen V - Vermessungswesen

Extended and revised edition 1993

Maps as PDF-Documents

go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar