Berlin Environmental Atlas

02.12 Groundwater Levels and Catchment Areas for Waterworks

go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar

This map consists of 4 parts, which are exclusively offered as PDF-Documents (German only).

Map 2.12.1
2.12.1 May 1976 (Relatively Lower Groundwater Levels)
  Map 2.12.2
2.12.2 May 1988 (Relatively Higher Groundwater Levels)
Map 2.12.3
2.12.3 May 1990
  Map 2.12.4
2.12.4 Waterworks Groundwater Catchment Areas

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
  1. The map presents an approximation of identical groundwater levels of the upper aquifer. They are derived from areas of identical observation well groundwater levels.
  2. The first groundwater level in some areas lies beneath and presses against a semi-permeable or impermeable strata. Drilling of this strata for an observation well may result in groundwater levels in the well which do not correspond to true groundwater levels. Perched water tables can occur locally in sandy-gravelly interstratifications. These areas are on the whole classified as areas of confined groundwater.
  3. The maps serve to clarify general groundwater developments resulting from differing weather conditions, varying groundwater improvement measures, and groundwater retention for limited periods at construction projects. The maps should be understood only as overview maps because hydrogeological conditions are very difficult to evaluate. Statements for small areas are not possible.
  4. A total of 950 selected groundwater measuring sites were available as data base. All surface waters connected to groundwaters were included in the interpolation process, as were all galleries of the Berlin Public Water Companies, as largest continual consumer.
  5. Groundwater catchment area borders result from geological conditions, groundwater dynamics, and the system of receiving bodies of water in an area. They are primarily derived from groundwater flow directions perpendicular to the lines of identical groundwater (observation well) levels. Groundwater withdrawals by waterworks and other users change natural groundwater catchment areas. Differing water management (improvement programs) at well galleries cause variations of the groundwater catchment area.
  6. The data base for deriving these groundwater catchment area borders was given by the Grundwasserisohypsenplan (groundwater isohypse map) of May 1988 (Map 01.12.2)

Imprint of the Map

1 : 125 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin and Environmental Protection
Public relations

Gruppe III A 3 (Ökologische Planungsgrundlagen) in Zusammenarbeit mit
IV A 4 (Landesgeologie/Angewandte Geologie, Umweltgeologie) und
IV B 4 (Aufsicht über das Grundwasser)


III A 3 und IV A 4


  • Datei der Grundwasserbeobachtungsrohre des Landesgrundwasserdienstes IV A 4 Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz
  • Datei der Eigenwasserversorgungsanlagen IV A 1 Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz (West-Berlin)
  • Zusammenstellung der Fördermengen der Eigenwasserversorgungsanlagen (Ost-Berlin) IV B 4 Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz
  • Fördermengen der Brunnengalerien der Berliner Wasser-Betriebe
  • Einzelangaben der Berliner Wasser-Betriebe zu Grundwasseranreicherungen und Ausbau der Brunnen und Brunnengalerien
  • Gewässerkundliche Jahresberichte 1976 und 1990
  • Datei der Grundwässerbeobachtungsrohre des Landesumweltamtes Brandenburg,
    Ref W1 Grundlagen Wasserwirtschaft/Wassermenge

Data processing and map production:
III A 3 unter Verwendung des Umweltinformationssystems (UIS) Berlin,
Dr. R. Mull, Dr. P.W. Boochs - Institut für Wasserwirtschaft, Hydrologie und Landwirtschaftlichen Wasserbau der Universität Hannover,
Wolfgang Strunk, Gabi Metzlaff

Cartographic design:

Colour scheme:
III A 3, Ralf Armbruster

Data from:
January 1993

Based on the maps:
Digitale Arbeitskarte 1 : 50 000 des UIS Berlin,
Analoge Karte 1 : 150 000, Stand 1992, Oliver Hoffmann

Edition 1993

Map as PDF-Document (German only)

go to text Text in Deutsch verfuegbar