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Berlin Environmental Atlas

06.01 Actual Use of Built-up Areas /
06.02 Inventory of Green and Open Spaces (Edition 2008)

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Map Description

Map 06.01 "Actual Use of Built-up Areas"

Map 06.01 "Actual Use of Built-up Areas" shows the different use categories by their shares of the built-up area of Berlin and their distribution throughout the city area (status 2005-12-31). Figure 1 elucidates the distribution of the use shares further.

Shares of the Various Use Categories of the Total Built-up Area of Berlin
Fig. 1: Shares of the Various Use Categories of the Total Built-up Area of Berlin
height of areas based on ISU5, segment block map

Excel
[Statistical base of Figure 1 is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

More than the half of the built-up area of Berlin is used for housing. Small-Business and Industrial Areas and Public Facilities account for 12% and 16%, respectively - still a relatively large part of the built-up area of Berlin. The Traffic Areas are next, without the roadways, which are not shown as traffic areas, with 7%, and then the Mixed Areas I and II with together 6%. Very little space is taken up by the Core Areas, Utilities Areas, Traffic Areas, Weekend Cottage Areas and Construction Sites.

Compared to the edition 2004 appears an increase of the portions of traffic areas, small business and industrial areas meanwhile the portions of building sites decreased as a result of the completion of many building projects (from 1.2 % including weekend cottages to 0.6 %).

In the distribution of the use categories of the built-up areas within the urban area, characteristic structures can be recognized. Thus, purely residential and small business areas exist in the outskirts area much more frequently than within the City Rail Circle Line; the Mixed and Core Area use categories are more heavily represented there. Particularly, Small Business Areas are concentrated along from waterways and railroad lines, due to the more favorable transport conditions. One often finds Mixed Areas and scattered Core Areas in the old village centers in the different parts of town, as a consequence of the well-developed structures. Striking is the concentration of the Core Areas in both city center areas, of West and East Berlin, i.e., around Kurfuerstendamm / Tauentzienstrasse and around the area of Alexanderplatz / Friedrichsstrasse, respectively. Public Facilities Areas are distributed throughout the entire urban area relatively evenly. Utilities Areas occur mainly in the outskirts, frequently in the neighborhood of Small Business Areas.

The described structures are also reflected in a comparison of the distribution of the land use categories within the individual boroughs (cf. Fig. 2).

Proportions of Selected Use Categories in the Built-up Areas of All Berlin Boroughs
Fig. 2: Proportions of Selected Use Categories in the Built-up Areas of All Berlin Boroughs
based on ISU5, segment block map
1)value of area exists, percentage value = zero because of truncation (see statistical base)

Excel
[Statistical base of Figure 2 is also available as Excel-File (MS-Excel is required).]

Examples for the characteristic use distribution in the outskirts area are the boroughs of Marzahn-Hellersdorf and Reinickendorf, with 63 % and 60 % residential use and 13 % and 10 % industrial use, respectively, while in the borough of Mitte, with only 32 % Residential Areas, but 6 % Core Area use, 14 % Mixed Area use and a high share of Public Facilities (31 %), the central functions which have existed for centuries are reflected. This function is not shown so clearly for the West Berlin center around Kurfuerstendamm / Tauentzienstrasse, which has a Core Area share of only 2 % or less, since the core area is distributed among the three boroughs of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Mitte and Schoeneberg-Tempelhof.
The inner city boroughs of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf have, with 39 % and 47 %, a relatively low share of living space. In turn, the share of public facilities is very high, with 20 % and 24 %, respectively. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Mitte are the boroughs with the largest Mixed Area shares (18 % and 14 %). The originally available use mixture can still be recognized most clearly in the boroughs of Mitte and Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.

Zehlendorf-Steglitz (65% residential use) stand out as neighborhoods with slight industrial use (5%).

Since the edition 2007 is based upon the geometry of the digitized work map 1:5000 (ISU5) it is not directly comparable with former editions (e.g. edition 2004) with the geometry of the digitized work map 1:50000 (ISU50). Particularly with regard to railway- and traffic areas there is a difference in shares of the different uses. Generally appears, with an altogether insignificant alteration, in almost each borough a small augmentation of residential areas and on the other hand a decrease of business and industrial areas.

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