Berlin Environmental Atlas

05.06. Nature Protection Areas and Landscape Protection Areas (Edition 2003)

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FFH Areas

As in Berlin, the areas in the Brandenburg countryside surrounding Berlin which have been reported to the EU under the Flora-Fauna-Habitat Guideline criteria are predominantly within existing or pending landscape or nature protection areas. Among the few exceptions are the three areas located to the northeast of Berlin at Börnicke.
The largest coherent FFH area near Berlin is on the Döberitz military training grounds. In 1991, large areas of this terrain were temporarily safeguarded, and in 1997 they were established as the "Döberitz Heath" NSG, with an area of roughly 3,416 hectares. The approx. 95 years of constant exclusively military use of the area (the first military exercises were held there in 1713) caused repeated fires, and hence the nutrient impoverishment of large areas. As a result, and also due to a lack of forestry management, various secession stages were able to emerge on the military training area over the past decades. In these geomorphologically richly structured areas, a great variety of networked habitats, including open country, dry lawn, heathland, moist and fresh meadows, mires, alder swamps, various pre-forest stages and relatively young mixed-forest stands, primarily of oak and birch (on sandy soil, also pine) have developed. To date, 601 species of plant and 124 nesting-bird species (e.g. bekassine, kingfisher, hoopoe, night-jar) have been attested on the military training area (approx. ¼ of them Red List species). The Döberitz military training grounds is to become a large-scale federal conservation project in the context of a support program of the Federal Research Institute for Conservation and Landscape Ecology for the establishment and safeguarding of protection-worthy natural and landscape elements of national significance (cf. Schoknecht 1993).

Table 10
Tab. 10: Areas of Brandenburg near Berlin reported under the FFH Guideline (as of Dec. 2000)

[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

The information on area refer to the total area of all partial areas reported under this designation. The cut-off of areas by the map frame was not taken into account. The data legend of the map give the area sizes of the individual areas.

Current informations on FFH-areas in Brandenburg under Ministerium für Umwelt, Gesundheit und Verbraucherschutz (MUGV).

Landscape Plans

Unlike Berlin, landscape plans in Brandenburg have no independent legal status. Their establishment requires no council decisions in the municipalities. The substantive findings in the landscape plans are integrated into the regional land-use or development plans, and are subject to judgment based on balancing interests. In areas without land-use and development plans, the findings of landscape plans are also independently valid. In all of Brandenburg, 192 landscape plans were in process as of Dec. 2001, 112 landscape plans were available as drafts, and 271 had been completed. Complete landscape plans already exist for the following areas bordering Berlin: "Falkensee Town," "Schönwalde," "Woltersdorf/Erkner," "Neu Zittau," "Niederlehme," "Zeuten," "Eichwalde," "Mahlow/Osdorf/Grossbeeren," "Teltow," "Potsdam" and "Seeburg." The state of processing of the landscape plans in the area surrounding Berlin is shown in Table 11.

Table 11
Tab. 11: State of Processing of Brandenburg Landscape Plans in the Area Surrounding Berlin (as of Aug. 2001)

[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

The current state of landscape plan borders limits and other information can be found under LUGV Brandenburg.

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