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Berlin Environmental Atlas

05.06. Nature Protection Areas and Landscape Protection Areas (Edition 2003)

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Brandenburg

Brandenburg is rich in particularly protection-worthy landscapes and habitats. The protection-worthiness of these areas is provided by their naturalness, the occurrence in them of associations of, and/or habitats for wild and rare animal and plant species, or their variety and rareness, and their excellent beauty and special uniqueness.

Protected-area certification is carried out for the preservation and development of these features, in cases of acute or potential endangerment, and generally for the preservation and restoration of the ecosystem. A Protected Area Land Register lists the protected areas with details on, among other things, their size, the state of their inventory, the drafting of management guidelines, and date of certification. Many nature and landscape protection areas have been combined to form large protected areas (one national park, three biosphere reserves, and ten nature parks). Former military training areas are especially significant for the protection of areas.

The protected area system of the state Brandenburg created prior to 1990 contained a relatively small part of areas worthy of nature and landscape protection. A large number of temporary safeguarding measures, primarily in 1990, led to a partial elimination of this imbalance in areas which had until then contained only small shares of protected. Many protected areas contain landscapes, habitats and associations as well as populations of species endangered by intensification of land use, urban sprawl and fragmentation.

Nature and Landscape Protection Areas

In Brandenburg, 6.0% of the land area is certified as NSGs and 32.5% as LSGs (as of Sep. 2003).
More informations under Ministerium für Umwelt, Gesundheit und Verbraucherschutz (MUGV).

In the part of Brandenburg shown, there are 18 certified NSGs and 11 certified LSGs. The oldest, the "Sacrow Lake and Königswald" NSG and the "Erpe Valley" LSG, were already certified as protected areas in 1938. Within the last few years, the protected-area certification of numerous areas was started in Brandenburg. At present 13 NSGs and 3 LSGs near Berlin are being processed for protected-area certification (cf. Tab. 8 and Tab. 9).

Table 8
Tab. 8: Nature protection areas in Brandenburg in the area surrounding Berlin (as of Dec. 2000)

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[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

Table 9
Tab. 9: Landscape protection areas in Brandenburg in the area surrounding Berlin (as of Dec. 2000)

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[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

Some areas, like the future "Eichwerder Bog Meadows" NSG and the "Nauen-Brieselang-Krämer" LSG, border directly on protected areas in Berlin ("Tegel Creek" / "Bog Meadows on Tegel Creek," or "Eiskeller"/ "Spandau Forest"). They constitute a biotope complex between Berlin and its surrounding countryside. Another step toward the linking of Berlin and Brandenburg is the planned certification of a common nature park. The Barnim Nature Park would incorporate both established and future NSGs and LSGs in both states. These would include the "Buch Forest" and the "Karow Ponds" in Berlin and the "Schönerlinden Ponds" and parts of the "West Barnim and Tegel Creek" LSG in Brandenburg.

The former military training areas offer a variety of habitats for endangered species of plants and animals in Brandenburg. Here, extensive heath and dune landscapes of national significance have formed. The sandy open landscapes and sandy heaths on Brandenburg military training areas occupy approx. 1.4% of the state area, and the calluna heaths approx. 0.4% (cf. Beutler 1993).

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