Berlin Environmental Atlas

05.06. Nature Protection Areas and Landscape Protection Areas (Edition 2003)

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Landscape Plans

Landscape plans concretize the development goals and measures of the Landscape Program in terms of the fulfillment of conservation goals. The landscape plans in Berlin primarily serve to address the following tasks:

  • Safeguarding and development of landscape areas for local recreation at the outskirts, in the transition area to the Brandenburg farmland;
  • Safeguarding, improvement and installation of inner-city green and open areas as well as green connections;
  • Recultivation and development of water-characterized landscape elements and spaces;
  • Greening of high-density settlement areas.

There are currently 17 established landscape plans in Berlin:

Table 6
Tab. 6: Established Landscape Plans in Berlin (as of Dec. 2003)

[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

They legally stipulate protective, care and developmental measures for nature and the landscape. The spectrum of measures of the established Landscape Plans (L-Plan) ranges from the requirement for construction measures, e.g. for the recreation of the population (example: Airport Lake) through mandatory upkeep and follow-up-planting of vegetation (example: St. James’ Cemetery [St.-Jakobi-Friedhof]), to the safeguarding of landscape relief structures (example: Grunewald Lakes).

The Berlin Conservation Law as amended in 1994 stipulates a new legal regulation on landscape planning procedures which requires a distinction between the following:

  • a landscape plan of local significance at the borough level (§10);
  • a landscape plan of major interest to all of Berlin (§10a);
  • a landscape plan of extraordinary municipal political significance (§10b).

The procedures for the preparation of landscape plans are largely identical with those for development plans.

Landscape planning stipulations can be implemented by either of two ways: on the one hand, as an independent administrative act (e.g. the planting of a screening hedge at the transition to farmland); and on the other, as a measure in the context of an approval procedure (e.g. the renaturalization of a shore area during new construction on a lot). The latter is fundamentally more frequent and already can be regarded, even in the procedure, as the decisive instrument of the implementation of the goals.

Hundred and thirtyone landscape plans are currently in process, covering 13% of the municipal area, of which 32 are under the amended Berlin Conservation Law (Administrative Reform Law of July 28th 1994).

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Fig. 1: General map of the landscape plans in process (as of December 2003)

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