Berlin Environmental Atlas

05.06. Nature Protection Areas and Landscape Protection Areas (Edition 2003)

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Natural Monuments

There are currently (Dec.2003) 682 established Natural Monuments or Area Natural Monuments on 0,03 % of the area of the state with the size of 27,2 ha.
The natural monuments in Berlin are for the most part old, rare or valuable trees or clusters of trees (primarily linden and oak), with the largest number in the Boroughs of Spandau and Neukölln. One is the presumably oldest living natural monument in Berlin, the over 800-year-old black oak (Quercus petraea) known as "fat Marie," which has been under protected status since 1939. The relatively frequent ice-age boulders are another type of single creation of nature which has natural monument status. The 604 trees and 63 ice-age boulders have been certified as natural monuments by a 2002 collective ordinance for single objects. Moreover, Berlin has so-called large-scale natural monument, which may not exceed 5 hectares. Often, these are pools (Pfuhle), a characteristic landscape element of Berlin representing remnants of formerly numerous small bodies of water, which provide habitats for many plants and animals and contribute to biotope networking. In the borough of Neukölln there are particularly many pools under natural monument protected status, including the "Roetepfuhl," "Klarpfuhl," "Lolopfuhl," "Krugpfuhl" and "Papenpfuhl." In 2002, the pools Kattenpfuhl, Krummer Katzenpfuhl, Priesterpfuhl, Eichenpfuhl and Kienpfuhl, and the Wedding Dune were certified by a collective ordinance.

Table 5
Tab. 5: Natural monuments in Berlin (as of Dec. 2003)

[This table is also available in Excel Format (MS Excel is required).]

The total of 14 natural monuments identified with Roman numerals (e.g. "ND-III-10 Wedding Dune," which were still listed in the Table in the 1995 Edition, do not at present have any legal status, due to the 3rd Berlin Law to Consolidate the Land Law). These are areas which were established prior to 1976 on the basis of legal provisions not carried over into new Berlin state law. Five of these areas, the Kattenpfuhl, the Krumme Katzenpfuhl, the Priesterpfuhl, the Kienpfuhl and the Eichenpfuhl were established as a natural monument under a collective ordinance in 2002; the Wedding Dune was established as a single natural monument.

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