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Berlin Environmental Atlas

01.15 Engineer's Geological Map (Edition 2017)

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Map Description

The following units characterize the municipal area geomorphologically, which was formed by the Weichselian Glaciation stage, the most recent glacial stage, during its Brandenburg sub-stage:

  • Barnim Plateau, with the Panke Valley
  • Warsaw-Berlin Glacial Spillway
  • Teltow Plateau

The Barnim Plateau, a Weichselian Glaciation ground moraine plate, is located in the northern part. Here, the ground moraine, interspersed with meltwater sands of the Weichselian Glaciation stage, determines the surface. The Weichselian Glaciation ground moraine is largely directly underlain by the ground moraine of the Saalian Glaciation. However, there are also meltwater sands in considerable quantity which separate these two ground moraines. In the Hermsdorf neighbourhood of Reinickendorf Borough, there is a small area where tertiary layers, usually appearing in the deeper underground, are pushed by salt tectonics just below the surface. Under a shallow sand cover there lies the rupelium of the lower oligocene.

In the northwest, the plateau is bisected by the Panke Valley with its valley-sand deposits, running coarsely northeast to southwest.

The Warsaw-Berlin Glacial Spillway, which runs coarsely from east to west, and is characterized by great thickness (up to about 50 m) of accumulated glacio-fluvial, and also some fluvial sands and gravels, occupies the central portion of this area. Locally, rubble horizons and till residues are embedded. Locally, this covers sands of glacial valleys of younger holocene sediments (sands, peat and peat clay mixed with organic material), sometimes of considerable thickness.

The southern area is occupied by the Teltow plateau, also a Weichselian Glaciation ground-moraine plate. Here, the ground moraine, interspersed with meltwater sands of the Weichselian Glaciation stage, determines the surface in the eastern part of the area. The Weichselian Glaciation ground moraine is in some parts underlain directly by the ground moraine of the Saalian Glaciation. However, there are also meltwater sands in considerable quantity which separate the two ground moraines on. The western part is predominantly characterized by thick sequences of meltwater sand.

The sediments portrayed on the map can be described as follows, from top (from the younger strata) to bottom (to the older strata): more

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