The Landscape Programme including Nature Conservation (“Landschaftsprogramm – LaPro”
) is a strategic urban planning instrument for the adoption of integrated precautionary environmental protection measures
Its objective is to ensure at a general urban level that ecological concerns are incorporated into urban development. Only if natural conditions and environmental requirements are taken into account can a forward-looking development of the city be guaranteed. This means that the fundamental natural elements – soil, water and air – should be taken into account whatever the level of planning, as should the provision of sufficient recreation areas for the inhabitants and the requirements of wild flora and fauna, including the network of interlinked biotopes.
Landscape Programme including Nature Conservation is subdivided into thematic programme plans
- The Ecosystem and Environmental Protection
- The Protection of Biotopes and Species
- The Landscape Scenery
- Recreation and the Use of Open Space
- General Urban Mitigation Plan
The subjects focussed on in the Landscape Programme including Nature Conservation are based on the general objectives listed in Article 1 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act.
The Landscape Programme
including Nature Conservation discusses the requirements important for the city as a whole ascertained on the basis of an analysis and evaluation
of the condition of nature and the landscape. These include
- the preservation of our natural habitat,
- the preservation of the functions of our natural environment,
- the preservation and creation of green and recreation areas and of open space,
- the protection of the biotope and species and
- an improvement of the landscape scenery
both in developed and undeveloped areas.
Requirements and measures
in respect of nature and the landscape have been devised for future developments in rural and urban areas.
Taken in conjunction with the Land Use Plan (“Flächennutzungsplan – FNP”
), the Landscape Programme including Nature Conservation represents an addition to preparatory town planning which is based particularly on qualitative targets and requirements and is the starting point for future urban development.
Landscape Programme including Nature Conservation
provide the city with a programme which is binding for the authorities
, and which contains important contributions to precautionary environmental planning at all levels of spatial planning. It contains specifications, targets and requirements which should be incorporated into any extensive spatial planning measures or weighting procedures.
Programme including Nature Conservation is also a source of information
for Berlin's citizens, describing the “green” side of the city in a comprehensive and descriptive fashion.