Planning  

 

UDP Commerce & Industry 1999

The directives and targets of the Berlin commercial and industry area development program


Modernisation of the economic sites in Berlin

Berlin must connect with its endogenous potential in order to increase the competitive position of the Berlin economic area in the relation to other European metropolis. The city has the potential, step by step to develop into a "city of knowledge and knowledge production". It is particularly important to improve the innovation capability of the Berlin economy. A key role during the modernisation of the economic sites in Berlin has to be played by the production sector since a strong industrial basis is a decisive requirement for the further development of Berlin into a service sector metropolis.

Priorities for the new commercial and industrial areas

The strengthening of the economic power of Berlin is to be guaranteed over the long-term through sufficient commercial and industrial area provision. Approximately 500 ha of industrial areas can be supplied by the redevelopment of brownfield areas and similar. Approximately other 500 ha can be supplied by developing new areas.

This corresponds to the predicted demand in the UDP commerce and industry. The area provision refers not only to the quantity of the reserve, but also refers to other factors, which are listed below:

  1. a balanced spatial distribution of industrial areas in the city,.
  2. a supply of different area sizes,
  3. the qualitative side of the areas, for example accessibility, location in the city.

The existing commercial and industry areas are supposed to be maintained. The reuse and better use of these historical locations takes priority over the development of new areas. The usage of the new commercial areas should be adjusted over time in relation to demand and to the differing stages of utilisation.

A premature utilisation of areas, which would differ from the proposed planning steps, needs agreement of the Senate Department for Urban Development and the senate department for economy and technology.

Ensuring of the areas

The construction of modern service structures needs a strong production base. This means the extent and spatial distribution of the industrial production areas should be maintained and preserved, in order to ensure the industrial base of Berlin. With the further development of the "Berlin Concept to ensure Industrial Areas" should be able to defend against unwanted uses of the industrial areas, as well as providing the long-term technological and economical stabilisation and qualification of locations on a conceptual basis.

Location profiling and area qualification

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Set up the start conditions (Development and local development plans)

To set up the start conditions for the area profiling there are to be created the necessary legal planning and infrastructure conditions. The major goals for the raising and the adaptation of local development plans are listed below:
  • The commercial and industry area provision, in particular during the development of the new areas and during the development of locations, with priority in the eastern districts,
  • The exclusion of non-production usage (in particular retail / leisure and office usage), with first priority in the western districts.

With the raising or adaption of local development plans there has to be concretised on local level the orientation of the main type of usage.

The development of the infrastructure systems has to be improved in particular for the large eastern commercial and industry locations. Priorities for these areas are new supplementary road construction measures listed below:

  • The realisation of the tangential connection East,
  • The realisation of the tangential connection North,
  • The realisation of the South-East-connection.

Maintenance and development of small commercial sites

The coexistence of work places and flats in close proximity contributes to traffic reduction and it guarantees an effective utilisation of the land.

The maintenance and development of the functional mixture has the one aim of a sustainable and integrated urban development. A continuing maintenance of the existing combined commercial and housing areas should help fight against any further functional disentangling.

Existing commercial sites outside the main commercial and industrial designated areas is to be maintained and to be legally protected. This is especially valid for districts with small industrial and commercial areas and will have the effect of balancing the spatial distribution of production and places of work in these districts.

An industrial reuse of the corresponding plots of land and buildings is preferable if companies decide to relocate.

For the maintenance of these areas there are necessary on local level comprehensive consultations concerning the early recognition and solution of internal problems of companies relating to the specific locations.

The maintenance of historical commercial and industrial buildings

Many commercial and industry buildings are architecturally exceptional proponents of Berlin as an industry metropolis. Because of their historical quality, they should be maintained as a principle.

This is especially valid for the well-maintained multi-storey buildings and in addition, for the attractive riverside bank locations, where the existing building substance should be utilised for the promotion of new forms of mixed work places with other functions.

The continual usage of historically important commercial and industry land and buildings are of interest for architectural preservation. If industrial buildings and areas, which have the potential to be listed are under threat of damage due to commercial and industrial activity. Then the public's interest concerning the maintenance of listed properties and land must be weighed carefully against the economic interests.

Environmental protection within the framework of the commercial and industrial development

The combining of work places with housing areas is an element of urban development policy. To avoid or reduce conflicts, noise pollution protection has to have preference over the distance allowed between buildings.

When commercial construction areas border directly on areas, which are worth protecting, then a detailed local development plan needs to be made, that must differentiate between commercial and industrial areas and which should classify them according to their inner degree of disruption and technical emission control.

The negative effects of the business and industrial traffic on the road system are to be reduced through the support of corresponding logistical solutions