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Urban Development Concept Berlin 2030: Status Report: Conclusions

Economic Prosperity


Map StEK Berlin: Economic Prosperity
Map StEK Berlin: Economic Prosperity / Grafics: Ernst Basler + Partner AG


Berlin’s economic situation has seen positive progress in recent years; yet it continues to struggle in terms of job creation and job security as well as income levels. However, the city enjoys comparative advantages, particularly in its capacity as a location for knowledge and innovation. The following factors deserve particular emphasis.


Strengths

  • Berlin-Brandenburg is a renowned hub of knowledge, thanks to its outstanding universities and institutions of science, concentrations of scientific institutions in the inner and outer city, and private research institutions (Ö1); attractive for those beginning careers in the sciences
  • competitive industries such as electrical engineering, power generation and distribution, pharmaceuticals, medical technology and automotive manufacturing
  • highly favourable location for media companies and for those in the cultural/creative industries
  • the capital city factor: a location with a unique density of political and policy-related institutions
  • highly effective networking within the surrounding region, especially in terms of science, transport and housing development (Ö2)
  • planned large-scale infrastructural investments, including significant functional and creative upgrading of the urban space (Ö3)
  • freight transportation hub, aided by the efficient handling of commercial traffic in the capital region as well as the expansion of the European transport network


Weaknesses

  • low per-capita income and high unemployment
  • comparatively weak representation of companies and industries with high added value (corporate headquarters, financial industry, knowledge-intensive services, high-tech industries)
  • net beneficiary in the fiscal equalisation scheme, dependence on other, financially stronger federal states
  • economic activity predominantly in the inner city
  • individual hubs in the inner and outer city with weak local economies, especially in terms of retailing


Opportunities

  • site potential: large amounts of land available for production, especially in the outer city (Ö5), partly with existing safeguard mechanisms creating a downward effect on prices; excellent site potential for services (Ö6)
  • "future locations" create impulses for development (established: Buch, Adlershof; in development: Tegel, City West / Campus Charlottenburg) (Ö7). These are complemented by potential-rich locations shaped by science and industry
  • development into a "smart city", in which climate protection and economic growth go hand in hand
  • cooperation potential in the networking between science and research
  • using site potential for start-up centres
  • stable economic structure
  • stronger impulses from industries such as design, software, advertising, film, music, retail, transport/logistics, hospitality, communications
  • Berlin as a location of cosmopolitanism, diversity and history allows for continually rising added value from tourism
  • new airport (BER) as a catalyst for its surroundings (Ö8)


Threats

  • continual exodus of skilled labour to other locations
  • diminishing numbers of those between the ages of 18 and 65, upon whom the development of Berlin depends, exacerbating the shortage of skilled labour

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