Gartenterrassenstadt Rheinisches Viertel
Gartenterrassenstadt Rheinisches Viertel (Garden Terrace City Rhine Quarter)
Rüdesheimer Platz 1-5, 7-11, Wilmersdorf; Apartment Houses
The architectural and urban design qualities of the Gartenterrassenstadt have made it unique among residential rental districts in Berlin. Constructed around Rüdesheimer Platz between 1910 and 1915, the four-story apartment structures were designed individually, yet built according to uniform design principles. Their architect Paul Jatzow built the quarter based on a differentiated traffic and residential street development system. English rural settlements served as the model for this architectural modernization of German rental property. Paul Jatzow abandoned the vacant space officially required between individual buildings in favor of a calm, enclosed development scheme. Instead of traditional, individually fenced-in front yards, he created open, uniformly designed front yard zones, extending the space from the street to the buildings (garden terraces). This design resulted in an overall picturesque scene of closed front yards, high saddle roofs, peaked gables, alcoves, enclosed balconies and large, multiple-partitioned windows. Sparing ornamentation of climbing vines and ornate designs decorate the light ochre façades. The middle wing is representative of the floor plan, creating sufficient exposure to light even in the rear of the functionally partitioned apartments.
World War I prevented further development of the settlement and World War II destroyed several of its buildings. Nevertheless, it is one of the most significant, artistic urban designs among Berlin's residential areas, whose quality is highly valued by its inhabitants even today.