Berlin Monument Authority  


Berlin Housing Estates of the 1920s - on the UNESCO World Heritage List

Großsiedlung Britz - Hufeisensiedlung -

The 'Red Front' on Fritz-Reuter-Allee,in 2005
The "Red Front" on Fritz-Reuter-Allee, in 2005
The Britz Metropolitan Settlement for 5,000 people was erected from 1925 onwards on the premises of the former Britz Manor. Taut integrated architecture and topography, not only with the horseshoe surrounding a glacial pond that gave the settlement its name. He used asymmetries and a staggered arrangement of the blocks of buildings as his defining urbanistic principle.

Three-storey buildings of flats frame lower two-storey rows of individual houses. This frame, with its "red front", appears almost rugged along Fritz-Reuter-Allee, a provocative demarcation from the neighbouring Eierteich Settlement with its traditionalistic design. Upon protests from Conservative members of parliament, the magistrate had taken these premises out of Taut's area of planning and assigned them to DeGeWo. That is why construction phases 3 and 5, with their rows of houses on Buschkrugallee and Parchimer Allee, are situated apart from the rest of the Horseshoe Settlement.

In the sixth and final construction phase in 1929/30, fourteen rows of houses, standing decidedly closer together, were built showing a reduced design and having no projections and set-offs. This permitted a more rational construction with just a few elements, a reaction to the reduction of subsidies from rent tax proceeds.

Settlement details
Location District of Neukölln, subdistrict of Britz
Blaschkoallee and Parchimer Allee subway stations
Streets Buschkrugallee, Dörchläuchtingstraße, Fritz-Reuter-Allee, Gielower Straße, Grüner Weg, Hüsung, Jochen-Nüßler-Straße, Liningstraße, Lowise-Reuter-Ring, Miningstraße, Onkel-Bräsig-Straße, Parchimer Allee, Paster-Behrens-Straße, Stavenhagener Straße, Talberger Straße
Total Area 7.1 ha [91.68 acres]
Number of Flats 1,963, of which 472 are detached houses
Flat Sizes 1 ½ to 4 ½ rooms [excluding kitchen and bathroom]
Constructed 1925 to 1930
Urban Design Bruno Taut (together with Martin Wagner)
Architects Bruno Taut, Martin Wagner
Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge, Ottokar Wagler
Building Owner GEHAG Gemeinnützige Heimstätten-Spar- und Bau-AG
Reconstruction Since 1984, with emphasis on pre-serving the architecture
Owner in 2012 Deutsche Wohnen AG, Einfamilienhäuser teils im Privatbesitz
Owner in 2006 Gemeinnützige Heimstätten-Aktiengesellschaft (GEHAG) GmbH (owned by Oaktree Capital Management since 2005), some detached houses owned privately
Tenants in 2006 3,100

Großsiedlung Britz - Aerial photo
Aerial photo

Formation of rooms on Hüsung, in 2005
Formation of rooms on Hüsung, in 2005

Staggered terraced houses on Paster-Behrens-Straße 1-19, in 2005
Staggered terraced houses on Paster-Behrens-Straße 1-19, in 2005

Großsiedlung Britz - Monument map